Potosi Peru - Post- Transitional - Pillar and Wave - Dated 1653

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Denomination: 8 Reales 
Assayer: "E" Antonio de Ergueta
Weight: 24.01 g
Mint: Potosi, Peru
(modern-day Bolivia)
Reign: Philip IV
Date: 1653
Artifact Number: CAP-156


DESCRIPTION Type VIII-B Post-Transitional hand-struck cob. Fully Dated, 1653. 

OBVERSE: PILLAR SIDE. Displays remnants of a legible date "53", the last two digits of the year, between Pillars of Gibraltar (Hercules). 

Incomplete "PLVS VLTRA": missing "P". Spain's "PLUS ULTRA" motto, bisecting the coin, translates to "Further Beyond" from Latin, and is strategically placed between the Pillars as Spain's declaration of the conquest and ownership of newly discovered lands beyond The Pillars of Gibraltar; The New World. Legend not visible. Five convex waves central below Pillars. Prominent Assayer's Mark "E", prominent Mint Mark "P." 

REVERSE: CROSS SIDE. Crudely struck Reverse with Type B Cross with small walking lions, tongues displayed. No dates visible. Type II Castles on off-center Cross.