Denomination: 1 Reales
Reign: Philip IV
Weight: 3.3 grams
Date: Not Visible
Assayer: Assayer “O” 1649-1651 - Juan Rodriquez de Rosa – O with a dot in the center.
Mount: 14K gold with diamond accents on the prongs
Historical note: 1 and 2 Reales coins were never 'Crown Marked'. Instead the Crown mandated they be returned to the mint and reissued instead. These denomination coins are rare to the La Capitana wreck,
Description: 1 Reales silver cob. Obverse: Left side of shield shows bold with visible Mint mark an Assayer mark. Partial legend visible. Reverse: Bold cross strike on left side of coin, right side flat.
History: La Capitana sank in October of 1654 off the coast of Chanduy, Ecuador. The 1,200-ton Spanish galleon was the largest built in Colonial American during the 17th century, and the flagship of the Viceroyalty of Peru and the South Sea Armada. This ship was commissioned to carry Spanish coins including the Potosi Mint scandal coins, the subsequent countermark coins and many other dated from 1649-1654. The galleon overburdened with unregistered goods which many say contributed to the sinking, and backed by testimonies of the crew itself, led to the greatest loss in silver coinage of any Spanish galleon of the time. It was said the crew members could not even lower the anchors because there was so much treasure stacked on the anchor cables. At least 20 people died in their attempt to swim to shore. All attempts to find the shipwreck failed until the location was made by Sub-America Discoveries, INC in November of 1996.CAP-1409