Flip Mount Gold Coin - 2 Escudos - Mint: Seville, Spain - Assayer "B" Juan Vicente Bravo (1592 - 1612)

Denomination: 2 Escudos

Reign: Philip III
Date: Not Visible
​ (Circa 1598-1612)

Assayer: “B” - Juan Vicente Bravo (1592-1612).
Mint: Seville, Spain

Weight: 6.77 grams 
Grade: NGC (Very Fine) VF35 - 4171126-002

Description: Partial bold Cross-and-Tressure visible, off-center strike. Bold crowned shield with prominent mintmark, Assayer not visible. Some soft strike areas across lower left quadrant of the field. 

History:  The Seville Mint (Spanish: Casa de la Moneda de Sevilla) was one of the seven main mints of Castile authorized to continue after 1497 by the Catholic monarchs, the rest being closed. The earliest coins minted in Seville date back to Roman times, around 15 B.C. Later, the Visigoths minted from the year 621, the Arabs after 1060, and the Christian kings from 1252.

The New Mint was built in the Atarazanas orchards, next to the river and a few steps from where the colonial fleets arrived with the metals. During the reign of Felipe II, the House of Seville processed 72% of all the silver, and 87% of all the gold minted in the Iberian Peninsula, leaving the other mints almost without work.

The Ordinance of 1730 for the centralization of mints eliminated all except those of Madrid and Seville, which would mint only silver and gold, and Segovia, which would be dedicated to striking copper coins. In 1855, a new and large mint was planned in Madrid, leading to the closure of the others. In 1861 the new Madrid factory was inaugurated and in 1869 the houses of Seville, Segovia and Jubia were closed, their equipment being sold at public auction. The House of Seville was divided into three parts and sold in 1870; a total of more than ten thousand square meters sold for about 244 thousand escudos.

"While exceedingly scarce relative to the collection as a whole, among Old World coins on the 1622 Terre Firme fleet shipwrecks, those from Seville have the greatest representation- which is not surprising as the port of Seville was the hub for all commerce to and from the "Indies."' - Tedesco, C. "Treasure Coins of the Nuestra Senora de Atocha & the Santa Margarita," p. 25, 2010.