Denomination: AV Stater
Date: Circa: 323-317 BC
Mount: 18k gold hammered with .92CTW Rubies
Grade: ICQ (4294110111) - Ex Fine 45
Description: MACEDONIAN KINGDOM. Philip III Arrhidaeus (323-317 BC). AV stater Obverse: Head of Athena left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with coiled serpent device. Reverse: Nike standing right, holding wreath and stylis, FILIPPOU monogram in left field, horn under left wing.
History: Philip III Arrhidaeus (Greek: Philippos Arrhidaios; (Circa 359 BC) was born on December 25th, 317 BC. He reigned as king of Macedonia, an Ancient Greek Kingdom in northern Greece, from June 11th, 323 BC until his death. He was a son of King Philip II of Macedon by Philinna of Larissa, and thus an elder half-brother of Alexander the Great. Named Arrhidaeus at birth, he assumed the name Philip when he ascended to the throne.
As Arrhidaeus grew older it became apparent that he had mild learning difficulties. Plutarch was of the view that.he became disabled by means of an attempt on his life by Philip II's wife, Queen Olympias, who wanted to eliminate a possible rival to her son, Alexander, through the employment of pharmaka (drugs/spells); however, most modern authorities doubt the truth of this claim. Alexander was fond of Arrhidaeus and took him on his campaigns, both to protect his life and to prevent his use as a pawn in any prospective challenge for the throne. After Alexander's death in Babylon in 323 BC, the Macedonian army in Asia proclaimed Arrhidaeus as king; however, he served merely as a figurehead and as the pawn of a series of powerful generals.