Ancient Greece - AR Drachm - Apollo - Circa 48-20 BC

Denomination: AR Drachm                                                       

Mint: Lycian League

Grade: NGC 3819945-180 - VF                                                    

Date: 48-20 BC    

Mount: 14K gold with Sapphire accents on the bale                                                                       

Description: LYCIAN LEAGUE. Masicytes. Obverse: Head of Apollo right, wearing taenia / ΛΥΚΙΩΝ, Reverse: Kithara (lyre); M-A / Σ-I across fields, all within incuse square.  

History: Masicytes, a mountainous region in Lycia west of Pamphylia on the southern Mediterranean shores of modern Turkey. Myra was an important town and principal mint for the Monetary District of Masikytes. Apollo is one of the most important and diverse of the Olympian deities. Apollo has been variously recognized as a god of light and the sun truth and prophecy archery medicine and healing music, poetry, and the arts and more. Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto, and has a twin sister, Artemis.

 Apollo was worshiped in both Ancient Greek and Roman religion, as well as in the modern Greco-Roman Neopaganism. Apollo was an oracular god - the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle. Medicine and healing were associated with Apollo, whether through the god himself or mediated through his son Asclepius, yet Apollo was also seen as a god who could bring ill-health and deadly plague as well as one who had the ability to cure. The kithara, an ancient stringed musical instrument resembling the lyre. The kithara had seven strings and a flat back. The kithara is a symbol of Apollo, and he is credited with inventing it. Its true origins were likely Asiatic. The kithara was primarily used by professional musicians, called kitharodes. In modern Greek, the word kithara has come to mean “guitar”.