Ancient Greece - AR Hemidrachm - Mint - Lamia - Circa 400-375 BC

Denomination: AR Hemidrachm      

Date: Circa 400-375 BC.    

Mint: Lamia, Thessaly

Description: Obverse: Head of young Dionysus right, wreathed with ivy. Reverse:  ΛAMIEΩN, amphora; to right.

History: One account says that the city of Lamia was named after the mythological figure of Lamia, the daughter of Poseidon and queen of the Trachineans. Another holds that it is named after the Malians, the inhabitants of the surrounding area. As evidenced by his appearance on their coinage, Dionysus was widely worshipped in Lamia, an important fortified Thessalian city.

During the Lamian War (323-322 BC), which broke out in Greece after the death of Alexander the Great, the Macedonian regent Antipater found himself besieged in Lamia by the Athenians and their allies. Because of the strong defensive walls of the city, the siege was unsuccessful, and when Macedonian reinforcements finally arrived, Antipater escaped and rallied his forces to defeat the Athenians the following year at Krannon.